Grain Crops

Irrigated Grain Crops

General Crop Links

Irrigated Crop Recommendations (Alberta)

Cereals

Small-Grain Cereals

Small-grain cereals are a staple crop type in rotation with potatoes, dry beans and canola. Durum and hard wheat are the most common types grown on irrigation. Other wheat types can be profitable depending on price levels. Oats and barley are productive on irrigation and are grown for both forage and grain. The oat and barley grain price usually limits acreage.

Grain Corn

Corn acreage has been increasing lately with the combination of lower heat unit varieties and herbicide tolerance. Grain productionJuly_2011-Irrigation_Variety_Trials_at_CSIDC risk is lowered with the availability of early maturing hybrids suitable for grain corn. Optimum plant population requires use of a row crop planter. Grain corn harvest requires a corn header.

Oilseeds

Canola is the primary irrigated oilseed grown in Saskatchewan. Irrigation producers usually plant hybrid canola varieties becauseoilseed they respond to intensive management with high yield. In the Lake Diefenbaker development area, canola is commonly cropped in rotation with cereals, potatoes and dry beans. It can also serve as a clean-up crop when herbicide tolerant types are used.

Available from CSIDC in hard copy:

  • Seeding Rate and Row Spacing for Irrigated Canola
  • Canola Fertilization Trials at CSIDC
  • Crop Management for Sclerotinia Control

Other Oilseeds

Flax is also grown on a significant acreage on irrigation. Flax works in a crop rotation as a good disease break crop, as it is not susceptible to many diseases. Flax works well on cereal, corn or legume stubble. Mustard is sometimes grown depending on price, but weed control is a limitation.

Pulses

Beans

Dry Beans are currently the primary irrigated pulse crop in Saskatchewan. Dry beans have been a complicated, risky andbeans profitable crop for irrigation growers. The crop requires specialized equipment. Production is mainly pinto beans, with some great northerns and small reds. Fababeans respond well to irrigation, but production risk and market price currently limit expansion of this crop on irrigation.

Other Pulses

Dry pea, lentil and chickpea are grown on a small acreage. Peas respond well to irrigation. Lentils and chickpeas have low requirements for irrigation.